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Energy and

Toward a lower-carbon economy

Thanks to a long history of effectively managing energy, including efforts to optimize our use of carbon-neutral biomass fuels, Domtar is well positioned to meet expectations for a lower-carbon economy.

We continue to invest in targeted projects to optimize and enhance the reliability of our manufacturing assets, and improve the efficiency of our raw material and energy use. These ongoing investments have incrementally improved our cost, climate and environmental profile, and we expect further progress in the years ahead.

As a result, Domtar enjoys an environmental edge relative to other major pulp and paper producing regions of the world, with direct greenhouse gas emissions about two-thirds lower than the average pulp and paper producer in Asia. Our emissions to air of nitrogen oxides, sulfur dioxide and particulate matter have also significantly improved through these initiatives.

Longer term, Domtar’s pulp mills may serve as biorefineries to produce affordable, sustainable biomaterials and fuels that can potentially replace some fossil-based products, furthering the development of a lower-carbon economy.

72% Today, 72 percent* of the energy we use in our pulp and paper mills comes from renewable biomass fuels, mostly self-generated from our wood processing and pulping byproducts. Industry average = 67%**

*Net of renewable energy and attribute sales.

**2018 American Forest & Paper Association Sustainability Report.



  • Continuing to improve the reliability of our assets and operations through targeted investments in our facilities and Continuous Improvement programs.
  • Maximizing the economic value and environmental benefits from our energy generation assets, including through partnerships with local utilities and businesses.
  • Preparing for a low-carbon economy by advocating for sustainable policies, reducing our carbon footprint and building resiliency into our operations and supply chains.


  • Getting more non-governmental organizations to understand the benefits of using renewable, carbon-neutral biomass fuels from sustainably managed forests in our processes.
  • Finding lower-carbon fuel alternatives to natural gas for use in our mills that meet process supply and safety requirements as well as product quality requirements.
  • Getting policymakers to recognize and address the unintended consequences of policies that shift manufacturing to regions with higher carbon footprints than ours.

Plymouth continues its sustainability journey

Domtar’s mill in Plymouth, North Carolina, proves the adage that sustainability is a journey, not a destination.

The Plymouth Mill, which got its start making pulp and paper in 1937, faced a bleak future as paper consumption declined precipitously in the aftermath of the Great Recession. But Domtar’s entry into the growing personal care market, combined with Plymouth’s access to the right fiber resources, gave the mill a new lease on life.

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Doing Well by Doing Good

It is heartening to realize that being a good neighbor can also be good for business and be good for our planet’s sustainability.

In communities where we have operated for decades – in some cases more than a century – we have developed relationships that benefit our bottom line, as well as the local economy and environment.

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SOURCES - 2018


› Pulp and Paper Mills = 99.5%
› Paper Converting Facilities = 0.1%
› Personal Care Facilities = 0.4%

infographyReduced total direct greenhouse gas emissions AND INDIRECT EMISSIONS from purchased energy at our pulp and paper mills 15 percent since 2010 due tofuel switching, shutting down less efficient equipment and energy conservation.


Pulp and Paper Mills
(Million Metric Tons CO2e)


Paper Converting and
Personal Care Facilities
(Thousand Metric Tons CO2e)


Self-generated an equivalent of 72 percent of electricity

used in our pulp and paper mills.
Industry average = 55%*

*2018 American Forest & Paper Association Sustainability Report.

Average Greenhouse Gas Emissions
from Fossil Fuel Combustion

Pulp and Paper Mills by Region*
(Metric Tons CO2e/Finished Metric Ton Product)


Source: Fisher International, FisherSolveTM, April 24, 2019.

*Includes mills that produce Uncoated Freesheet, Specialty Paper and Hardwood and Softwood Market Pulp.

reduction in emissions from our pulp and paper mills since 2014

Sulfur Dioxide



Nitrogen Oxide

NOx as NO2


Total Filterable Particulate Matter